41 a significant barrier to the effective implementation of inclusive education in 42 South Africa. 2.5.6 Teachers’ attitudes towards inclusion 38 . Policy implementation is assumed by its numerous agencies; the Ghana Education Service (GES) is responsible for the coordination of national education policy on pre-tertiary education. Key amongst other policies developed under the custodianship of the Ministry of Education/GES, which complements and creates enabling environment for effective education service delivery is the Inclusive Education Policy Framework, which provides opportunities for learners to access quality education. Inclusive Education rolled out throughout Ghana (barrier-free DOC) By. In 2009, Inclusive Education was piloted in the Central, Greater Accra, and Eastern Region, and by 2011 it was implemented in 529 schools. Studies have revealed that teachers` attitudes toward students with disabilities are different, and these various differences/reasons are dependent on schools` practices of inclusion. The development of inclusive education in Ghana has been recognized as the process for orchestrating educational quality and equity for students with disabilities. of formal education across the country, including access to free schooling, the inclusion of technical and vocational education, and improved teacher training. 2.8 The Inclusive Education policy 41 . Removing barriers to participation in learning for all learners is at the core of inclusive education systems (UNESCO, 2005). Under it, community sensitization programmes to educate parents to bring out their children for enrolment, and the right to choose the choice of schools for their children are guaranteed. Inclusive Education Policy In 2015, the Government of Ghana completed the development of an IE Policy together with the Inclusive Education Monitoring Tool (IEMT), Implementation Plan and the Standards/Guidelines. In-Service Tutor Development in Support of Inclusive Education. Focusing on inclusive education can Inclusive Education has been or is being adopted by most members of the United Nations. To roll-out these activities, UNICEF, the Ghana Blind Union, and Inclusion Ghana commenced discussions with the Ghana Education Service, the Ministry of Education, and other stakeholders to develop a policy framework. It presents the essential features of inclusive education systems and recognis es the need to take action to make inclusive education a reality for all learners. ... Special and Inclusive Education Policy and Practice in Kenya, 1963 to 2016. Before the arrival of European settlers, who introduced a formal education system addressed to the elites, education in Ghana was mainly informal and based on apprenticeship.Pre-Independent Ghana was known as the Gold Coast. The Inclusive Education programme expanded from 29 districts in seven regions in 2011 to 216 districts in all 10 regions by 2016. The Inclusive Education Policy recognises the varied learning needs of learners and requires all stakeholders in the education sector to address the diverse needs of different groups of citizens in the Ghanaian education system under the universal design for learning and within a learner friendly environment for all children. Highlights Despite overall increases in school participation over the past three decades, some groups of children continue to be left behind. Key policy drivers and priority interventions The key focal areas of education development in Ghana are contained in the Education Strategic Plan 2010–2020. [email protected] Inclusive early childhood education (IECE) represents a key policy and practice implementation that facilitates the education and socialisation of all children with and without disability and special educational needs in Ghana. Social justice & cost-effectiveness of the world 49 . This policy builds upon sections in the 1992 Constitution, the National Development Agenda, the Education Strategic Plan and International Commitments to achieve national as well as international goals for creating an environment for addressing the diverse educational needs of Ghanaians. Policy implementation The Policy and its Development Process •Ghana’s IE Policy is a framework that contains a more harmonized and strategic approach to planning, implementing and monitoring IE activities on a wider scale to reach all learners with SEN in the country. Increases in school participation over the past three decades, some groups of children continue to left. 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