U all need to understand the meaning of word “Kush". To the east the Hindu Kush buttresses the Pamir range near the point where the borders of China, Pakistani-controlled Kashmir, and Afghanistan meet, after which it runs southwest through Pakistan and into Afghanistan, finally merging into minor ranges in western Afghanistan. Historically, the passes have been of great military significance, providing access to the northern plains of India for such conquerors as Alexander the Great, the king of Macedonia; the Mongols Genghis Khan and Timur (Tamerlane); and their descendant Bābur, the first Mughal emperor. The Hindu Kush mountains, in particular, have played an important role in tourism and unfortunately, in wartime. There we will take our time experiencing life in the pagan Kalasha valleys. In landscapes of breathtaking beauty, Duncan reveals the Hindu Kush Mountains of Afghanistan, the moors of Ireland, and the sunflowers of Provence bowing their heads before the setting sun. Night Safari Flight over Hindu Kush Himalayan Range in order to see Hindu Kush mountain, PIA Pakistan International Airlines operates the which is a charter Flight of Boeing 737, which take you from Islamabad Airport and drops you Again at Islamabad airport flying on … Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Hindu Kush is an indica landrace strain named after the mountain range in Central Asia where it originates. Hindu Kush Mountains synonyms, Hindu Kush Mountains pronunciation, Hindu Kush Mountains translation, English dictionary definition of Hindu Kush Mountains. The Hindu Kush Himalayan Monitoring and Assessment Programme is a long-term, integrated science–policy initiative coordinated by the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD). Former Lecturer in Japanese, University of Florence. Hindu Kush Mountains, Peshawar: See 5 reviews, articles, and 13 photos of Hindu Kush Mountains, ranked No.11 on Tripadvisor among 31 attractions in Peshawar. Meronyms (parts of "Hindu Kush Mountains"): Khyber Pass (a mountain pass of great strategic and commercial value in the Hindu Kush on the border between northern Pakistan and western Afghanistan; a route by … The mountains of the western region fan out gradually toward the Afghan city of Herāt, near the Iranian border, declining into hills of lesser importance. The Hindu Kush is a relatively young mountain system, contemporary with the Himalayas and similarly configured in rugged ranges with sharp peaks and deep valleys: as demonstrated by frequent earthquakes, the system is still evolving geologically. Although it is a pure indica landrace strain, years of inbreeding have resulted in stable genetics that are easy to manage and will flourish in both indoor and outdoor grows. The highest point is Tirich Mir, which reaches a staggering height of 7,780 m above sea-level. Some of these high-altitude passes were used by Alexander the Great and others in their invasions of … Among the most threatened mountain ranges are the European Alps, which feed four major rivers, and the Himalaya-Karakorum-Hindu Kush chain, which rises from monsoon-washed, subtropical South Asia and stretches 3,000 miles (5,000 km) to arid peaks in landlocked Afghanistan. Here are some of the Earth's highest, longest, and most famous ranges. The name Kush, which means death, was probably given to the mountains because of the dangerous passes between the peaks. Hindu Kush, great mountain system of Central Asia. Maximum heights, which are lower than those in the eastern section, include Koh-i-Bandakor (22,451 feet [6,843 metres]), Koh-i-Mondi (20,498 feet [6,248 metres]), and Mīr Samīr (19,878 feet [6,059 metres]). The Pamir Mountains are a mountain range between Central Asia, South Asia, and East Asia, at the junction of the Himalayas with the Tian Shan, Karakoram, Kunlun,and Hindu Kush.They are among the world's highest mountains.. The Hindu Kush may be divided into three main sections: the eastern Hindu Kush, which runs from the Karambar Pass in the east to the Dorāh (Do Rāh) Pass (14,940 feet [4,554 metres]) not far from Mount Tirich Mir; the central Hindu Kush, which then continues to the Shebar (Shībar) Pass (9,800 feet [2,987 metres]) to the northwest of Kabul; and the western Hindu Kush, also known as the Bābā Mountains (Kūh-e Bābā), which gradually descends to the Kermū Pass. Number 4 on the list is the Saraghrar mountain at 24,080 feet in elevation. I am writing this answer because there are lot of misconception about the name “Hindu Kush”, even the Wikipedia is not certain about the origin of the name. Straddling the mountains north of the Kush are Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, which butt up against the arid Tarim basin of northwestern China. Meronyms (parts of "Hindu Kush Mountains"): Khyber Pass (a mountain pass of great strategic and commercial value in the Hindu Kush on the border between northern Pakistan and western Afghanistan; a route by … Afghanistan. Specifically, I remember when I was living in a very remote Afghan village. It is one of the most beautiful and fertile valleys of northern Pakistan. The highest point is Tirich Mir (7,708 metres (25,289 ft)) in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province , the former North-West Frontier Province , … The Hindu Kush mountains are an ancient range stretching through Afghanistan and Pakistan. ISBN 978-0-7368-2448-4. Flora and Fauna in the Hindu Kush Mountains. The area that this strain comes from is a large mountain range. For years, this peak was closed to outsiders because of the dangers of constant warring. The Pamir Mountains lie mostly in the Gorno-Badakhshan Province of Tajikistan. We’ll begin by taking a flight from Islamabad to Chitral. The first successful attempt was on August 24, 1959. This granite peak, located in Pakistan, is continuously snow and ice covered making it a challenging climb. Synonyms: Hindu Kush; Hindu Kush Mountains. It stretches from the Pamir Plateau near Gilgit, to Iran. While technically considered a sub-range of the great Himalayas, the Hindu Kush mountains contain peaks that rival Mt. However, the area also has historical significance. The Hindu Kush is a mountain range, a spur running southwest off the Pamir Knot, which is a large clump of high ground at the western end of the Himalayas.It is difficult country for travel; a disputed but plausible claim is that the name means "Hindu killer". Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Everest in size. This peak is right on the border with the north and west sides in Afghanistan and the south and east faces in Pakistan. However, in 2011, the government reopened the mountain citing improved security conditions. For a memorable holiday in Pakistan whether experiencing its culture, trekking or tour, we put in that extra effort to make your trip a success. Hindu Kush (hĭn`do͞o ko͝osh), a high mountain system, extending c.500 mi (800 km) W from the Pamir Knot, N Pakistan, into NE Afghanistan; rising to 25,236 ft (7,692 m) in Tirich Mir, on the border of Afghanistan and Pakistan.Glaciated and receiving heavy snowfall, the mountains have permanently snow-covered peaks and little vegetation. HINDU KUSH (or Hindukush) is the main mountain range in the Central Asian state of AFGHANISTAN. Hindu Kush got its name from the mountain range that cuts through Pakistan and Afghanistan, also known as the Hindu Kush mountains. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The Hindu Kush is a mountain system nearly 1000 miles long and 200 miles wide, running northeast to southwest, and dividing the Amu Darya River Valley and Indus River Valley. The concentration of high summits in this region creates from some vantage points the appearance of an unbroken horizon, a phenomenon known as Gipfelflur (German: “summit plain”). Some astoundingly high elevations can be found in this mountain range as well. It extends over 500 miles, experiences earthquakes, and separates the Amu Darya valley from the Indus River Valley. These are among the world’s highest mountain ranges, and many of these lie in and around the Gorno-Badakhshan province of the Tajikistan. My job was to help the villagers solve a power problem they were having. This article identifies the highest peaks of the Hindu Kush mountains. By Amber Pariona on January 10 2019 in Environment. The first recorded climb was in 1960 by a Japanese pair. Knox, Barbara (2004). The earliest known usage of the name Hindu Kush occurs on a map published about 1000 ce. Highest peak, Tirich Mir, 25,230 feet (7,690 meters). However, as noted above, these countries host some of the tallest mountain peaks in the world that offer beautiful views and unique environments. Hindu Kush is the westernmost extension of the Pamir mountain, the Karakoram (K-2), and the western HIMALAYAS. In its extreme eastern section, between the passes of Karambar and Baroghil (Barowghīl; 12,480 feet [3,804 metres]), the eastern Hindu Kush is not very high and has mountains that often take the form of rounded domes. Hindu Kush Type: Hindu Kush is the pure Indica parent of many Kush strains. Unfortunately it was estimated that "hundreds of thousands" of slaves from India were transported during different periods of Islamic rule era. A first cluster of high peaks around Urgand (23,094 feet [7,039 metres]), in Afghanistan, is followed farther south by the massif (principal mountain mass) of Saraghrara (24,111 feet [7,349 metres]). Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. This granite peak, located in Pakistan, is continuously snow and ice covered making it a challenging climb. Can you imagine this situation? of Geosciences Paleoclimate Laboratory Hindu Kush (also referred to as Hindi Kush) is a “pure Indica” landrace strain that is reported by its breeders to come from the Hindu Kush mountain range in Afghanistan and Pakistan. The Tirich Mir peak rises 25,289 feet above sea level and is located on the Pakistan side of the border. This true-color Terra MODIS image was acquired on November 28, 2003. What are synonyms for Hindu Kush Mountains? The Hindu Kush Himalayan Monitoring and Assessment Programme is a long-term, integrated science–policy initiative coordinated by the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD). The Hindu Kush Mountain range runs along the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan. Hindu Kush (hĭn`do͞o ko͝osh), a high mountain system, extending c.500 mi (800 km) W from the Pamir Knot, N Pakistan, into NE Afghanistan; rising to 25,236 ft (7,692 m) in Tirich Mir, on the border of Afghanistan and Pakistan. A 14-day road trip through the awe-inspiring Karakorum and Hindu Kush mountain ranges of Northern Pakistan. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. It originates from the Hindu Kush mountain range, on the border between Pakistan and Afghanistan, and made its way to the US in the 60s. This peak is within Pakistani borders and is often overlooked due to its location. Between these extremes the Pakistan-Afghanistan border follows the main watershed of the Hindu Kush throughout its eastern region, from Lupsuk Peak just north of the Karambar Pass to the Dorāh Pass just south of Mount Tirich Mir. The climate on Tirich Mir is considered subarctic and has reached temperatures as low as -30 degrees F. In 1950, a Norwegian group was the first recorded expedition to reach the top. It originates as its name suggests, in the Hindu Kush mountains. The Hindu Kush Himalayas (HKH) are the freshwater towers of South Asia and parts of Southeast Asia. Noshak is the highest mountain in Afghanistan. There are several known mineral reserves here which include ancient lapis lazuli mines and more recent silver mines. Stretching over 3500 kilometres and across eight countries – Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Nepal, Myanmar and Pakistan – the Hindu Kush Himalaya are arguably the world’s most important ‘water tower’, being the source of ten of Asia’s largest rivers as well as the largest volume of ice and snow outside of the Arctic and Antarctica. With unique topography, wildlife and scenery, visiting and hiking in the Hindu Kush is truly a once in a lifetime experience. Together these rivers support the drinking water, irrigation, energy, industry and sanitation needs of 1.3 billion people living in the mountains and downstream. China, officially the People's Republic of China, is a unitary sovereign state in East Asia. Highest peak, Tirich Mir, 25,230 feet (7,690 meters). For a memorable holiday in Pakistan whether experiencing its culture, trekking or tour, we put in that extra effort to make your trip a success. The standard follows the obvious but hard to protect low-angle corner, which comes into the roof from the right, 5.8. Instance hypernyms: chain; chain of mountains; mountain chain; mountain range; range; range of mountains (a series of hills or mountains). Most of the Hindu Kush is located on the territory of present-day Afghanistan and consists of arid mountains in height from 4000 to 5000 m. The eastern part with the highest peaks belongs to Pakistan. Hindu Kush. The first successful attempt was on August 24, 1959.Other high peaks within the Hindu Kush mountains are Udren Zom (23,425 feet), Lunkho e Dosare (22,641 feet), Kuh-e Bandaka (22,349 feet), Koh-e Keshni Kahn (22, 122 feet), Sakar Sar (20,577 feet), and Kohe Mondi (20,452 feet). The second highest peak is Noshak, which reaches 24,580 feet. A wider definition of the Hindu Kush would include a fourth region known as Hindu Raj in Pakistan. Some believe they are the legendary direct descendants of the armies of Alexander the Great … Hindu Kush Type: Hindu Kush is the pure Indica parent of many Kush strains. The western limit also is uncertain, as the mountains lose height and fan out into minor ranges in Afghanistan. Communication is easier in this region, as roads have long since been built through the passes, such as the Shebar Pass (9,800 feet [2,987 metres]). The eastern Hindu Kush appears to be formed of two parallel mountain chains, consisting of a lower one to the north, which acts as a watershed, and a higher southern one that carries the main peaks. When most people picture Afghanistan and Pakistan, they think of large desert expanses and war-torn cities and towns. This is the meaning of Kush . The erratic boundary line is the result of a series of compromises reached at the end of the 19th century between the British and the ruler of Afghanistan; called the Durand Line for the British negotiator Sir Mortimer Durand, it has been inherited by the modern states of Pakistan and Afghanistan. Synonyms for Hindu Kush Mountains in Free Thesaurus. It was around 1979 that the mountain climbing industry began to suffer due to the political instability of the region. Although it is a pure indica landrace strain, years of inbreeding have resulted in stable genetics that are easy to manage and will flourish in both indoor and outdoor grows. The Hindukush system stretches about 966km east to west and 240km north to south. Glaciers are poorly developed, but the mountain passes—which include Putsigrām (13,450 feet [5,000 metres]), Verān (15,400 feet [4,694 metres]), Rām Gol (15,400 feet [4,694 metres]), and Anjoman (13,850 feet [4,221 metres])—are high, making transmontane communications difficult. Another curious configuration established about the same time and as yet unchanged is the Vākhān region (Wakhan Corridor), a panhandle of Afghan territory designed to act as a buffer between British India and tsarist Russia. The Hindu Kush is one of the great watersheds of Central Asia, forming part of the vast Alpine zone that stretches across Eurasia from east to west. If this chain is considered part of the Hindu Kush, then the outlying mountains of the Swat Kohistan region of Pakistan to the south also form part of the complex. Glaciated and receiving heavy snowfall, the mountains have permanently snow-covered peaks and little vegetation. Aside from their abundance in important minerals, the Hindu Kush mountains are important sources of water for the valleys below and are covered in glaciers and rivers. The highest point is Tirich Mir, which reaches a staggering height of 7,780 m above sea-level. The Hindu Kush is a mountain range, a spur running southwest off the Pamir Knot, which is a large clump of high ground at the western end of the Himalayas.It is difficult country for travel; a disputed but plausible claim is that the name means "Hindu killer". Aromas, Flavors: Hindu Kush has flavors and aromas that underlie its origin in the Hindu Kush mountains. Language; Watch; Edit (Redirected from Hindu Kush mountain range. Hindu Kush, Jowzjan, Afghanistan - Monthly weather averages including average high and low Temperature, Precipitation, Pressure, Wind Charts to assist you in planning your travel, holiday or an outdoor activity at Hindu Kush, Afghanistan These mountains contain a kaleidoscope of people as well as some of the earth’s most incredible scenery. The Istor-o-Nal mountain is third on the list with an elevation of 24,288 feet. These peaks are surrounded by a host of lesser mountains. Author of. Known as the "Switzerland of the East," it is nestled in the foothills of the Hindu Kush mountain range and irrigated by the Swat River. Some people believe that it is where Buddhism came from. This strain is earthy in terms of flavor, and has magnificent notes of pine, lemon, and citrus. Much of the tree cover in the middle mountains of the Hindu Kush are dominated by juniper and birch,while there are also large stands of blue pines and deodar ciders. 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